Culture as an Instrument: Introduction to Issue 2/2020
What is a device?
According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, it can be defined as, instrument for example, “a means or means of achieving, performing, or advancing something” or “a particular purpose.” A tool or device, especially for: a tool or device designed to work with care and precision”. What both definitions emphasize is its object-orientation and purpose: it is designed to serve a specific purpose, Something designed, described, and packaged in a particular way, for a particular purpose.. If something is “instrumental,” then its value and importance depend on its usefulness.
In our call, Instrument we argue that there is a growing tendency to understand culture as a tool, leading to the need to reform social protection policies and economically important sectors. In fact, looking at the international and domestic debates since the formation of cultural policy after the 1950s, instrumentalism has always been a hot topic. It is rooted in the state’s public funding of the arts and heritage, and the vision of culture as a “public good” that benefits society as a whole. This means that policy makers and grassroots actors have begun to think about how the arts can advance fundamental values and social goals. No matter how pure or noble these goals and values are, they still represent art and creativity. A crucial step is to close the more or less systemic gap between the top and the bottom through the democratization of culture: art, artists and heritage are “recognized” for purposes of social equality and education, access and understanding, among others. .
A good question, Instrument of course, is whether there was ever a time or a context in which overt cultural expression was permitted or encouraged that was otherwise instrumentalized by the unconstructed automobile? Stone Age and Bronze Age cave paintings and engravings serve specific purposes for belief systems and maintain cosmic and social order. Statue, architecture and decoration have reinforced local and power structures from classical times to modern times, except for a few more puritanical periods. Possession of some type of art has been a mark of goodness and education since the Renaissance and a mechanism for distinguishing individuals and classes. Nationalist movements of the 18th and 19th centuries shamelessly used the arts for their own ends by representing culturally homogeneous peoples, and artists were involved in many ways in shaping cultural norms for the nation. . Even the art world has embraced self-creation. The revival of even the most radical avant-garde art in museums and art institutions can be well described, as well as media art consumers’ taste for sociocultural uniqueness as the primary use of art. Furthermore, many avant-garde artists wanted to change the world through their art. Not a tool? This is generally believed not to be the case, as the political or social impact an artist seeks to achieve is considered to have “intrinsic value”. However, the boundaries of effect and value are not fixed, as their meanings are developed and formed in the process of making, wearing and using art.
In this feature, we focus on cultural values and the application of culture to cultural or multisectoral policies. The emphasis, therefore, was on more or less organized administrative practices in which art and culture were used to advance some predetermined governmental or administrative goal. Of particular interest in this context is a focus on the acts and practices of governance that should incorporate aesthetic, symbolic and cultural components involved in visual or aesthetic governance, as well as various cultural practices as ‘techniques of governance’.
Facilities are currently at the center of cultural policy in the Nordic and Baltic States due to
(1) the ‘prosperity’ of the creative industries/economy and (2) well-being through cultural discourse and practice.
2) National, regional and local policy Instrument makers start to talk more and more about the productive aspects of arts and culture