Pakistan’s political instability
Pakistan’s political system has always protected the interests of the elite. While the political leadership has been a representative authority, it has failed to hold promise for a democratic state that provides socioeconomic justice to all Pakistani citizens. Political leaders were unable to reconcile the national language, the role of Islam, provincial representation, and decentralization to the center and provinces, stalling the constitution and postponing general elections.
In October 1956, Pakistan was born from infancy, consensus was born, and Pakistan’s first constitution came into effect. The experience of democratic government is short, but not sweet. In October 1958, General Muhammad Ayub Khan easily crushed a military coup. The political paradigm shifted in the 1960s and 70s, with authoritarianism replacing class (revolutionary) politics due to capital influx and urbanization. Here emerged the socialist ideology of the industrial workers, the student unions, and the middle class.
However, class politics, superseded in the 80s by Antonio Gramsci’s politics of common sense, was short-lived, and the lower classes of society were also stakeholders in it. In response to the industrial class struggle of the 1960s, Zia politicized Pakistan through religious parties and street mosque culture within the power structure.
In the forty years after Zia, Pakistan’s political landscape was a mixture of intellectual politics and PML(N) and PPP patronage. The political landscape in Pakistan is once again shifting as the poor and educated become illiterate, lack critical thinking skills and are influenced by anti-American and anti-establishment rhetoric. Anti-establishment and anti-American slogans have fueled the possibility that Khan will end his nearly four-year rule in April 2022.
Even more welcome
Even more welcome than the dismissal of PTI is the return of the previous government, which was accused of corruption and cronyism. This resentment against the PDM has been well monetized by PTI leadership despite their limited awareness of its connection to the geopolitical, geostrategic, and geoeconomic realities of the contemporary international system. PTI leadership dreams of a utopian world far removed from reality. This is the dream to show the people of Pakistan.
At present, due to the continuous conflict between PTI and the establishment and other state institutions, the popularity of PTI leader Imran Khan has skyrocketed, but his leadership strategy faces huge challenges in the field of foreign policy and security. Hopes were high, calling Azadi’s march a turning point for Pakistan. Even the blind can see the political engineering of PTI’s rise to power in 2018 because this is the story of Pakistan’s democratic government.
pakistan can become a strong state
Pakistan can become a strong state and nation only when socio-cultural trends such as intolerance, exclusion, nepotism, extremist ideology and violence that distort the state structure are transformed into a state. A political nursery of inclusiveness, tolerance, enlightenment and coexistence in nation building should foster critical thinking, tolerance and respect for opposing viewpoints in future generations of Pakistan.
The agency has been playing the political engineering game. Now, Imran Khan has used this drama to claim the title of Ladla. The PTI government has enjoyed unprecedented support from the establishment during its three-and-a-half-year tenure. Even staunch supporters of PTI are frustrated by the party’s poor performance, ambiguity and delays in government affairs. PTI’s popularity chart plummeted due to mismanagement, but PDM’s comeback saved it.
pakistan can become a strong state
Pakistan’s political structure is shifting from a politics of dependency to a politics of fundamentalism, which is synonymous with instability. Here, inciting youth and people against state institutions, agency heads and centers of state power can have disastrous consequences. This is the political history of Pakistan; about the political direction of the state institutions, especially about the establishment, when they were removed from the government. Opposition parties demand immunity from government brutality and illegal political dealings.