Political process of pakistan
The role of Islam in Pakistan’s political and cultural unity has been debated. Some factions believe that Islamic ideology is the only glue that can unite the country’s multicultural people. The opposition argues that insisting on Islamic ideology against regional claims expressed in secular and cultural language alienates regional groups and undermines national unity.
The Pakistan People’s Party (PPP
The Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) was founded in 1968 by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, who worked with many on the liberal left who wanted Pakistan to ignore religious language politically and create a state conducive to modernization programs. The Socialist Economic People’s Party became the majority party in West Pakistan in the 1970 elections (although the Awami League won a majority of legislative seats in East Pakistan). After a break in the ensuing war, Bangladesh gained independence from East Pakistan, and Bhutto was tasked with forming a government in 1972. The BJP was suppressed by military rule from 1977 to 1988, but returned to power in 1988. – 90 and 1993-96 under Bhutto’s daughter Benazir. In 2008, after nine years of military rule, the party joined a civilian coalition government.
Founded in what is now Bangladesh in 1906, the Muslim League led the Pakistani independence movement under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. However, when a military coup took place in 1958, it suffered repeated setbacks and was severely divided. In 1962, it split into two parts: the Pakistani Traditional Muslim League and the Council Muslim League. It all but disappeared as a party in the 1970 elections, but was revived in 1985 and became the largest component of the Islamic Democratic League, which took over the government of Punjab in 1988. Since then, factions of the Muslim League have been at odds with the strong. Characters (for example, Nawaz Sharif and Pervez Musharraf).
Founded in 1941 by Abu al-‘Ala Maududi (Maudidi), the Islamic Assembly (Jamaat-e-Islami) enjoys broad support among the urban lower middle classes (and considerable influence abroad). Two other religious parties, Jamaat Ulama-e-Islam and Jamaat Ulama-e-Pakistan, have strong centers of support, the former in Karachi and the latter in rural areas.. Khyber Al Pukhtunkhwa Province.
In 1996, cricketer Imran Khan founded the Pakistan Justice Movement (PTI) to fight government corruption and promote social welfare. It remained uncompetitive and marginalized until the 2010s, when it took a decidedly populist approach to politics, hosting large rallies and hosting several senior politicians. In the 2013 elections, the party won the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provincial government with the second-highest number of seats in the National Assembly. Its popularity continued to rise, especially after corruption scandals shook the confidence of the ruling party in the 2018 general election, where it emerged as the largest party in Congress.
Organizations such as the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (formerly the Mahajir Qaumi Movement) in Karachi and Hyderabad, the Sindh National Front in Sindh and the Baloch Students Union in Balochistan serve racial interests.
The Pakistan Army has been led from the beginning by a highly qualified and professional officer who has never shied away from being involved in politics as a whole. The Army consists of the Army (the largest branch of the military), the Air Force and Navy, and various paramilitary forces. Each service is headed by a chief of staff, and the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is the highest-ranking officer.
The Pakistani military is the largest and well-trained army in the world. The military is voluntary, and shortages are rare. Army life in Pakistan is considered prestigious, with many service perks and benefits available to retired and active soldiers. Enlisted personnel have the opportunity to improve through study and education, and officers train at the Service Academy or at the many professional academies across the country.
The army is well-supplied and devotes significant resources to domestic weapons production. The army has thousands of main battle tanks and armored vehicles